Mother and son in a tribal Orissan village demonstrating excellent walking form. Notice that their heels remain on the floor well into their stride.
Do you have tight psoas muscles? Do you suspect the cause is too much time spent sitting in your daily life? There’s a complementary activity that helps counterbalance the time we spend sitting: walking — or, more specifically, glidewalking. Glidewalking helps balance our sitting in numerous ways — walking is dynamic versus sitting which is static. Yang balances Yin, viewed in the framework of traditional Chinese medicine. One underappreciated way in which walking can balance sitting pertains to the psoas muscle.
The psoas muscle originates on the front of the sides of all the lumbar vertebrae and discs, and ends on the lesser trochanter of the femur.
This pathway is quite circuitous and runs adjacent to several pelvic organs. With long hours of sitting, the psoas can adapt to a short resting length. Original image courtesy Anatomography on Wikipedia under CC BY-SA 2.1 JP.
A short psoas pulls forward on the lumbar spine any time the legs are outstretched. This is why many people are uncomfortable lying on the back with outstretched legs, and why some people feel sciatic twinges when they stand and walk. The natural antidote for this tendency of the psoas muscle to shorten in sustained sitting is glidewalking. Glidewalking is really natural or primal walking given a special name because it is a rare thing in modern times and deserves to be celebrated with a special name! Every step done with proper form naturally stretches the psoas. That amounts to 5,000 mini psoas stretches on each side if you are glidewalking the recommended 10K steps a day. This will keep your psoas in a healthy, stretched out, pliable state!
This Orissan woman demonstrates beautiful walking form with her body in line with her back leg, her back leg straightened but not locked, and her back heel staying close the ground well into her stride.
The best way to get your psoas stretches, or resets, is to punctuate your day with glidewalking. No instance of glidewalking is insignificant: glidewalking to the bathroom, glidewalking to get a glass of water, and glidewalking in kinhin (walking meditation) all help. So are the longer, more obvious instances of glidewalking such as the daily constitutional and the weekend hike.
Orissan women carrying water on their heads. Notice how the woman in front propels herself off her rear heel. This additionally gives her a healthy psoas stretch with every step she takes.
It has become popular to consider that “sitting is the new smoking.” Poor form and long stretches of uninterrupted sitting do indeed have a deleterious effect on health, but I believe that a significant unknown contributor is that most people do not walk in a way that resets the psoas muscle after it shortens during extended sitting.
Apart from responding to extended sitting, the psoas muscle is also very responsive to psychological stress. We see this in the Moro reflex in babies when they respond to loud noises and traumatic stimuli such as real or perceived falling. Addressing psoas tension is at the core of certain body modalities, such as Tension & Trauma Releasing Exercises (TRE), and innovative developments in psychotherapy involving polyvagal theory.
This Rodin sculpture shows its subject well into a stride with the rear heel still down on the ground. This stance is a natural part of gait and stretches the psoas muscle.
It’s a tad complex to learn to stretch the psoas in glidewalking, but well worth the effort. It takes a combination of the following actions to do the job.
The rib cage needs to be anchored to stabilize the lumbar spine. Without this step, any other effort to stretch the psoas will result in arching the lower back.
The back heel needs to stay on the ground a long time into a stride. Most people lift their heel up from the ground prematurely, losing the full extent of the psoas stretch that nature designed to be built into every step.
The gluteal muscles of the rear leg engage appropriately, further augmenting the psoas stretch.
Proper technique can help you avoid the cycle of tight psoas muscles, reduced activity, tighter psoas muscles, further-reduced activity…
How much have you succeeded in putting these pieces together? What helped the techniques coalesce? The book? The DVD? One of our courses? A topical workshop on glidewalking for our Gokhale Method Alumni? I’d love to hear from you in the comment section below.
Wondering about the psoas and
Wondering about the psoas and tension from trauma due to surgeries, in particular the large amount of women having c-sections and repeat c-sections. I have had multiple issues after a hernia repair as a baby and then a c-section with my first child. This maybe is an issue to explore with problems with posture, trauma, tight psoas muscles, scar tissue and adhesions in the pelvic area. For some, such as myself, it has caused a body-wide myo-fascial pain syndrome, especially in the lower back, hips and pelvic area.
Wondering if Esther has any reserach on this? I have had my c-section scar manually worked on, and this did help. Recently had the pubic bone attachments manually manipulated to help free up this area and it set off a firestorm of paina and tenderness (not a normal reaction) in the whole area that the psoas travels through. It got me to thinking that there is a relationship.
Thank you for all you do,
No research in this area -
No research in this area - just educated guesses. I like to think of healthy movement as a kind of massage. To be safe I recommend "small" movement for short duration, to be expanded later. Hope you unravel what's going on.
I couldn't understand this
I couldn't understand this from the book, but this post was very helpful.
I have read the book and have
I have read the book and have tried implementing as much as possible. My back pain has even disappeared. But the back of my calves have always been very tight. As a toddler and child, I even walked exclusively on the balls of my feet, heels never touching the ground. So I am still struggling to understand glidewalking.
Learning a different way of
Learning a different way of walking, like learning tennis or golf or any other kinesthetic activity, is best learnt from a coach. Try to connect with any of our wondeful teachers!
How much have you succeeded
How much have you succeeded in putting these pieces together?
I think I've done pretty well.
What helped the techniques coalesce? The book? The DVD? One of our courses? A topical workshop on glidewalking for our Gokhale Method Alumni?
I took the Foundation Course & that helped the most. After that, it was practicing after the course and that still took a few months; I still have to consciously work on it sometime. When I'm in a hurry I may revert back to my old stle of walking, but I've learned that one can indeed glidewalk in a hurry when necessary.
It was shocking to feel a change in the psoas once you really master it & perform it for a few days.
I am also amazed that when I properly glidewalk a lot in a day, my glutes still get sore the next day; I would think they would eventually get strong to a point & no longer get sore? Or does my comment make you think of something I may need coaching on? After all your years & decades of glidewalking, can your glutes still get sore JUST from glidewalking?
" A short psoas pulls forward on the lumbar spine any time the legs are outstretched. This is why many people are uncomfortable lying on the back with outstretched legs". I'm not uncomfortable that way. And if that is the case, is that position healthfully stretching the psoas , or does it just mean your psoas is not shortened? Also, since I'm not comfortable "lying on the back with outstretched legs", how do you compare that position to Stretch Lying On The Back? Is one better than the other long term/cumulatively? FWIW I elongate on my elbows & lengthen the neck when I lay on the back with outstretched legs. I sleep Stretch Lying On The Back 95% of the time just because I thought it was better long term compared to lying on the back with outstretched legs. Am I correct? Thanks for considering my questions & for all you do.
"I would think they would
"I would think they would eventually get strong to a point & no longer get sore?" Yes, it sounds like you are still building your glute stength. It can take a while.
About your question on lying on the back with outstretched legs versus stretchlying on the back: Hard to know whether your comfort is because:
I think it's valuable to go though the stretchlying steps to get maximal length in your back. Decompression does so many good things for you and it only takes 2 seconds once you've mastered it.
Congratulations on all your efforts and progress!
Your book, the emails, the
Your book, the emails, the blog, and a video conference session have all helped my back health tremendously. Unfortunately, attending a class is out of my price range at this time. My latest focus is glidewalking, but I am having difficulties understanding the details. For visual learners, is there a short video clip of glidewalking? I am struggling with the full motion loop and seem to be missing parts of the healthy stride. Thank you for everything!
Hello,Yes, there is a video
Yes, there is a video clip on Youtube of Esther Glidewalking. This video is deliberatley slowed down for closer observation, enjoy! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HQwZpXNU-W8&feature=youtu.be
Glide walking with the back
Glide walking with the back heel down reminds me of Warrior 1 pose in yoga. Thank you for this interesting article. I share them with the men in my "Men's Yoga Basics" class often.
I sometimes use Warrior 1, or
I sometimes use Warrior 1, or Hero 1 as I call it, to help with learning glidewalking. There is indeed a lot of similarity, though the weight distribution is more forward in Hero 1.
I've studied the book. When I
I've studied the book. When I attempt to glidewalk I think of pulling myself foreward with each step. Or conversely, I imagine my body is staying in the same place and I'm pulling the earth toward myself, as if I'm causing it to rotate. Is that an appropriate metaphor?
You want to have enough other
My husband has severe sciatic
My husband has severe sciatic pain that radiates to his calf. He has found that even with glidewalking he has the pain, but not when going up or down hill. Can you explain why he wouldn't have pain with incline and decline? Thank you.
One of our teachers would
One of our teachers would need to see what he's doing in each of those contexts. Has he learned glidewalking from a teacher or just from the book? This is especially challenging to learn from a book alone. People are usually pretty settled in their way of walking and changing that feels strange and doesn't happen easily.
I've worked with the book for
I've worked with the book for some time and recently bought the DVD -- specifically in order to get more guidance with glidewalking. However, there is no walking instruction on the DVD at all!
As was asked above, is there any video instruction of this? I did not find the video linked by Aurelia to be useful.
Thank you so much for your work and take good care.
Glidewalking is in the "bonus
Glidewalking is in the "bonus features" section. Enjoy!
i have done full foundation
i have done full foundation course,
but could not understand glide walking,
do you have a video,
please upload for benefit of your alumni.
This article and photos of
This article and photos of straight back leg were very helpful. I don't remember learning this in my Foundations course 6 years ago.
Hi there! My name is Ruben
Hi there! My name is Ruben and I'm from Buenos Aires, Argentina.
I've suffering from back and hips pain for the last 20 years. Now I'm 39. I practiced yoga for 10 years and learned a lot about my body and mind, but couldn't find any structural change to get rid off pain, only some relief with relaxation.
This year I got Esther's book and DVD and it literally changed my life. I was about to give up on trying new methods and Gokhale was a big sourprised when I was finally going to give up and ask for strong pain relief medications.
Now my back is doing way better, i'm using my inner corset, backlying strech, stackstitting, etc.
Regarding glidewalking, i've been training this tecnique for the last 3 months and find it extraordinary, although it's talking me longer to teach me body on that than other lessons. I still feel hip pain when I do it and after a nice walk. It's not as deep and strong as the pain I used to feel everyday but still bothers me and I'm trying to figure out how can I fix that.
The thing is my left leg seems to be shorter (so the rxs say) but i've seen two osteopaths and both of them told me than difference is not that big after stretching. The issue is that this strecht doens't seem to last and when I glide walk I feel that my left stride is somewhat "short" and I don't feel the kind of push that I need on my left heel. The right side, wich leg is longer, feels smother and I can easyly push with my heel and engage my gluteous.
Please, excuse me for such a long message. If anyone has any idea on how can I work on this, I would deeply appreciate it.
Thank you Esther. It might sound like a too big thing to say but somedays I think that your method saved my life. For sure, it made it much better.
Best wishes and thanks in advance!